Alabama has many epithets. This is how the state is called the
Cotton State (because cotton has always played an important economic
role here) or the Yellowhammer State (Goldpecker State).
no other name is as fitting for the mentality of the residents as Heart
of Dixie, meaning "the heart of the south" in English. The
actual name "Alabama", however, is derived from an Indian tribe of
the Muskoge family.
- Area: 135,765 sq km
- Population: 4,779,736
- Abbreviation: AL
- Capital: Montgomery
- Local time: GMT -5
- Nickname: The Heart of Dixie
Population and residents
The people of Alabama are considered extremely polite and
hospitable. The colloquial language is generally quite difficult to
understand in the southern states, but in Alabama one maintains a
particularly peculiar accent.
But that doesn't change the fact that you quickly feel at home
here. Of course, the typical pickup should not be missing in the
street scene and overall Alabama is one of the most
conservative U.S. states. Almost a third of the population is
African-American or Latin-American in origin, the remaining
population is mainly white.
Most of the residents belong to the Southern Baptist Convention,
while there are also Methodists and Catholics. Agriculture has
traditionally played an important role in Alabama. In addition to
cotton, corn, potatoes, tobacco and sugar cane are also grown. Since
Alabama is heavily forested, the forestry and timber industry is
also a significant source of income.
Change and civil rights movement
The plantation economy was previously organized in Alabama as in
other southern states through slave farming. By contrast, there was
little industry like in the emerging northern states. Alabama was
then characterized by tensions between the rich plantation owners
and poorer inland farmers. Due to the tradition of keeping slaves,
Alabama fought against the northern states in the civil war on
the southern side.
And even after the war, Alabama was long reserved towards the
north. In the 20th century, Governor George Wallace, in particular,
was a prominent politician who stood for conservative content and
segregation. In addition, civil rights activists such as Martin
Luther King also lived in Alabama and the largest city in the state,
Birmingham, was a central location of the U.S. civil rights
For a long time, Alabama was a stronghold of the Democrats, but
when they abolished segregation and the Republicans fundamentalized
religious content, Alabama became the "Red State".
Important sites of the civil rights movement can be visited today
in the Civil Rights District in Birmingham. You
can also schedule the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute. Anyone
interested in this topic should also visit Sixteenth Street
Baptist Church, where four African-American girls were killed
in a tragic attack in 1963.
Alabama is also known for its music and especially for jazz, if
you want to know more about it you should visit the Alabama
Jazz Hall of Fame in Birmingham. If you're in town, check out
the Birmingham Botanical Garden and the Birmingham Museum of
Art (one of the most important museums of this type in the