Arizona stands for one of the sunniest states in the United
States. The steep Grand Canyon is the inspiration for the
state's nickname, the Grand Canyon State. This 450 km long gorge was
created by the Colorado River and today attracts many vacationers
due to its imposing and steep appearance.
For a long time the name
"Arizona" was derived from the Spanish "Árida Zona" for "dry area",
but now the explanations go more into a derivation from an
indigenous language. Arizona is politically closer to
the Republicans and can be described as the "Red State".
Liberal gun laws and a more restrictive stance on immigration
allow comparisons with Texas rather than California. Most of the
residents are of European descent, the proportion of Hispanics
(mostly Mexican descent) is high and is about a third. African
Americans and Asians are smaller minorities.
Arizona is one of the states that has determined a language as
official. This has been English since 2006, but almost 20% of the
population are Spanish speakers. Especially in the southern part of
the state on the border with Mexico, the Spanish-speaking part of
the population increases to almost 80% (!). Indigenous languages
such as Navajo are also common.
In addition to Protestants, the Catholic Church is strongly
represented here. There are also a large number of Mormons in
Arizona. The religiously motivated state motto is Latin and is "Ditat
Deus", which means "God enriches".
Arizona benefits economically from tourism, but agriculture with
citrus, cotton and cereals also achieves high yields here thanks to
irrigation. In addition, raw materials (copper and petroleum) are
extracted and electronic products are manufactured.
- Area: 294,304 sq km
- Population: 5,130,632
- Abbreviation: AZ
- Capital: Phoenix
- Local time: GMT -7
- Nickname: The Grand Canyon State
Desert landscapes and ski areas
Arizona borders Mexico to the south, U.S. states of New
Mexico (east), Colorado (in the unique four-country corner; a
special attraction in the USA as Four Corners
Point), Utah (north), Nevada (northwest)
and California (southwest). The highest point is Humphreys Peak with
a height of 3,851 m.
To the northwest is the Arizona Strip, which is
sparsely populated and separated from the Grand Canyon of the
Colorado River from the rest of Arizona. Otherwise, you count the
northeast to the Colorado Plateau, the rest of the state to the
Basin and Range region. These large areas are separated by the
Mogollon Rim mountain range, which stretches from the southwest of
the city of Flagstaff to the White Mountains.
The sky in Arizona is often blue and cloudless. The city of Yuma in
southwest Arizona has 340 days of sunshine and 4000 hours of
sunshine a year, making it one of the sunniest places in the
world. While the summers are hot in Arizona, the winter here has
rather mild temperatures. Arizona is therefore a popular place to
spend the winter, especially among retirees.
If you discover Arizona's nature, you will quickly see well-known
pictures, as some films were made here. In addition to Natural Born
Killers, Rambo 2, Arizona Junior and Three Amigos.
Flagstaff is also a popular winter sports resort and is
ideal for a skiing holiday. This is not only possible due to the
latitude, but primarily the height of approx. 2,100 m. Flagstaff is
also often used as a starting point for visits to the Grand Canyon,
in particular Route 66 made it possible to open up the region to
Here you can also find old Victorian buildings and a Wilhelminian
atmosphere. Noteworthy museums include the Pioneer
Museum (with exhibits that take the era of the early settlers)
and the Museum of Northern Arizona. There are also trips
to the surrounding region, such as a tour of the Walnut
Canyon with its many hundreds of ancient rock dwellings
that were once built by Indians.