Florida is the dream destination for many vacationers in the USA and
is not without reason called the "Sunshine State". Covering an area
of over 170,000 square kilometers, it is slightly smaller than
Uruguay and, as a peninsula, extends far into the Caribbean.
Geographically, Florida is located in the far northeast of the
United States, exactly between the Atlantic and the Gulf of
Mexico. The climate in the northwest is subtropical-humid, otherwise
even tropical-humid. Once you get used to the climate, you can
endure it all year round.
However, during the hurricane season between June and November,
Florida, like much of the Caribbean, is a vulnerable region for
The Florida state slogan is just like the well-known U.S. slogan
"In God we trust" (in German: We trust in God). A special
geographical feature is the Florida Keys, hundreds of
small islands that successively move away from the mainland like an
arch of islands. 42 of them are connected via the Overseas Highway
- Area: 170,314 sq km
- Population: 18,801,310
- Abbreviation: FL
- Capital: Tallahassee
- Local time: GMT -4
- Nickname: The Sunshine State
Key West - in Hemingway's footsteps
At the very end of the arch is Key West, from where it
is not far to Cuba and which is considered the southernmost point of
the U.S. mainland. Ernest Hemingway once lived here (his
home now functions as a Hemingway Museum and can be visited) and you
can still see why today. The atmosphere here is unique.
The neighboring states of Florida are Georgia and Alabama,
otherwise it is located centrally and is a good starting point for
trips to the Caribbean and various states in the region. Florida is
a relatively flat state (average height: 30 m), the highest point is
at 105 m (Britton Hill).
Florida is one of the most populous U.S. states (only California,
Texas and New York have more residents) and in recent years more and
more Americans, especially retirees, have moved to the southern
state. In addition, there is a high level of immigration from
Hispanics in the surrounding states such as Cuba and the Dominican
Florida is politically controversial today and is alternating
between Democrats and Republicans.
Florida is a coveted state in presidential elections because a
large number of voters represent the state due to population
growth. Most of the residents are of European origin, but the
proportion of Hispanics is also high. The proportion of African
Americans is also quite high at 15%.
Most of the residents are Protestants, but the proportion of
Catholics is increasing. There is also a large Jewish minority and
Methodist. The largest cities in the state are Jacksonville, Miami,
Tampa, Saint Petersburg, Orlando and Hialeah as well as the capital
Florida came under American sovereignty relatively late and was
previously under Spanish rule. It wasn't until 1845 that Florida
became a United States. As part of the Confederate States of
America, it fought against the northern states in the civil war of
1861-1865. After the defeat of the southern states, it rejoined the
United States in June 1868.
Florida is increasingly dominated by tourism. With its many
beaches, Caribbean flair and tropical climate, it is a popular
travel destination all year round. There is also some food
production (especially the cultivation and recycling of citrus
fruits such as grapefruit and oranges for juice, fishing) and other
services and phosphate mining.
Anyone interested in American sports will also get their money's
worth in Florida. For example, in Miami you can watch the Miami
Marlins (baseball), the Miami Dolphins (football) or the Miami Heat
(basketball). You don't even have to do without ice hockey in sunny
Florida (Florida Panthers from Sunrise).