Pennsylvania is also known as the cradle of the nation. This may be
because both the Declaration of Independence (1776) and the United
States Constitution (1787) were drafted and adopted
here. Philadelphia is the largest city in Keystone State and was the
capital of the United States until 1800.
The English term Keystone
can be translated with keystone. This somewhat strange name goes
back to the geographic location of Pennsylvania in the northeastern
United States. The individual states on the map are shown in the
form of small stones. On this map, Pennsylvania forms the central
"stone" in the middle of the wedge-shaped arch that stretches up to
the Canadian border.
A somewhat simpler explanation of this naming can be traced back
to one of the forefathers and founders of Pennsylvania: William
Penn. This keystone state is one of the 13 founding states of the
- Area: 119,283 sq km
- Population: 12,784,227
- Abbreviation: PA
- Capital: Harrisburg
- Local time: UTC -5
- Nickname: The Keystone State
Virtue, freedom and independence
Together, these three words form the state motto of
Pennsylvania. In 1681, William Penn founded this state on the east
coast of the then 13 existing American colonies,
which signed the American constitution as the second state 100 years
later. Pittsburgh and Philadelphia are the largest and most
important cities, while the capital Harrisburg is less known.
Together with New Jersey and New York, Pennsylvania is one of
the Central Atlantic states. At the time of the founding father
William Penn, this area was populated by Iroquois and European
colonists. The first Swedish immigrants arrived in 1643 at the still
William Penn was a staunch Quaker and traveled Europe in 1671 to
promote the Quaker colonies in the New World in the Old
World. The English King Charles II. showed himself generous and left
the English Quakers a large area in the new country unknown here.
At the same time, he appointed William Penn governor. One can say
that the mission in Europe, which was certainly not easy given the
lack of mobility at the time, was worthwhile for William Penn.
Pennsylvania Historical Development
One hundred years later, in 1776, the Continental Congress signed
the Declaration of Independence in Independance Hall, which at that
time was still known as the State House. Eleven years later, the
still valid constitution of the then young United States of America
was signed in the same place.
Pennsylvania is one of the 13 founding states and was the second
state after Delaware to sign this historic document. During the
American War of Independence from 1861 to 1865, Pennsylvania sided
with the Union states led by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln and
spoke out against the maintenance of slavery by the southern states.
In this state one of the best known and most loss-making battles
took place in Gettysburg. Lincoln made one of his most famous
speeches, the Gettysburg Address, in the middle of the
battlefield. The Lincoln Memorial in Washington DC commemorates this
Versatile landscapes and historical sites
Pennsylvania is a diverse state with varied landscapes, large
metropolises, beach regions as well as a diverse art and culture
program as well as numerous sights that should be on every vacation
program. The physical well-being is also taken care of. Pennsylvania
is a wine-growing region and knows how to spoil its residents and
visitors with a wide range of restaurants.
A vast natural landscape alternates with historically significant
sites. Hikes and other popular activities such as water sports,
cycling in endless nature reserves and forest areas not only ensure
a change from the sightseeing program, but also health.
Pennsylvania does not have any spectacular mountain landscapes,
because the highest point is 979 meters high. Nevertheless, the
mountain landscapes crossed by rivers and lakes are certainly not
uninteresting, because wildlife viewing in the numerous nature and
wildlife reserves offer an extraordinary experience for the whole
Pennsylvania is characterized by deciduous forests and hilly
landscapes. The neighboring countries are New York, New
Jersey, Delaware, West Virginia and Ohio. In the northwest there is
the natural boundary of Lake Erie. The Pittsburgh metropolitan area
is characterized by mining and the steel industry.
Around the mountain range of the Appalachian Mountains there are
numerous small, agricultural towns. Citizens belong to the Amish,
Quaker and Presbyterian faiths. This area is also known as the Bible
Belt. The largest city of Philadelphia and the surrounding area are
characterized by the automotive, shipyard and steel
industries. Other major industrial cities are Pittsburgh, Erie,
Allentown and Reading.