Washington DC or the District of Columbia is a planned
capital. You can see that in the spacious city. After the United
States had fought for independence, New York City and later
Philadelphia was designated as the capital, but the desire to create
a new city on the Potomac River quickly came up .
this purpose, an area was separated from the states
of Virginia and Maryland in 1791, with Washington DC initially
growing very slowly and therefore the areas west of the Potomac
returned to Virginia in 1846 and form what is now neighboring
Arlington County. A Frenchman named Pierre Charles LŽEntfant (1754
- 1825) was commissioned to design the new capital.
The city was named after the first President of the United
States, George Washington (1732 - 1799) and should not be confused
with the U.S. state of Washington (State) on the Pacific.
Politically, the federal district is something special in the
United States. It reports directly to the United States Congress,
and Washington DC residents have been allowed to vote in
presidential elections since 1964. The city is considered a
stronghold of the Democrats, which is also a reason why the upgrade
to the full state of the United States is not necessarily in the
interest of the Republicans.
Special status and seat of international organizations
The residents of Washington DC are otherwise significantly
restricted in elections. The city has a mayor and a city council,
but the highest authority remains the congress. Washington DC has
one delegate, but it is only allowed to vote on the committees. The
district is not represented in the Senate. This state has repeatedly
led to discussions about the status, but so far it has not been
possible to resolve it.
Various proposals such as the return of the area to Maryland with
the exception of some government institutions or the declaration of
representation rights by law have so far failed. This situation is
rather paradoxical for the residents of Washington DC, because on
the one hand they have the privilege of being residents of the
capital city, and on the other hand they have only limited political
Otherwise, Washington DC, with the surrounding suburbs
in Maryland and Virginia, is the seventh largest metropolitan area
in the United States and the center of power in the country. This is
where the top power of all government elements in the separation of
powers of the United States are. Both the Congress,
the President and the Supreme Court are located in the city. In
addition, there are countless foreign embassies, lobbyist
associations, national and international groups and international
organizations such as the World Bank, the International Monetary
Fund, the Inter-American Development Bank and the Organization of
American States (OAS) in Washington DC
Contrary to the country's overall composition, the capital of the
USA is predominantly African-American, although dominance has waned
somewhat in recent decades. Today, almost half of the residents are
African-American, followed by Americans of European origin, as well
as Asians, Native Americans and Latin Americans. Despite being the
capital, Washington DC has some poorer neighborhoods in the
surrounding area. This is also one of the reasons why overall crime
statistics have been relatively high in the past.
The strongest religions in the city are the Catholic Church, the
Baptists, the Anglicans as well as Muslim and Jewish minorities.