According to Allunitconverters, Romania is located in Eastern Europe, the capital is Bucharest. The republic borders on Bulgaria, Serbia, Hungary, Ukraine and Moldova.
Romania stretches from the Pannonian Plain to the Black sea. The landscape in Romania is divided equally into plains,Mountain range articulated as well as highlands. The most important mountain range in Romania are the Carpathian Mountains. The three Regions Wallachia, Transylvania and Moldova are separated from each other by the Carpathian Mountains. The highest point in Romania is the Moldoveanu (2,544 meters).
The Danube, with over 1,075 km of the most important river of Romania. It forms the Romanian southern border and flows into the Black Sea in the Danube Delta. The very species-rich Danube Delta (around 4,000 animal and around 1,000 plant species) is under UNESCO protection. There is also a great diversity of species in the Carpathian Mountains. Numerous large mammals live here, such as brown bears, wolves and lynxes.
The most important holiday area in Romania is the Black Sea coast. There are numerous seaside resorts on the 70 km long sandy beaches, which are particularly suitable for family vacations.
A dinosaur park has been established in Hunedoara, a site where fossils have been found. The theme park Dracula is one of the largest projects that performed Romania in the tourist sector since of 2005. But a citizens’ initiative prevented the construction project at the last minute. Now the park is to be built near Bucharest.
Tourism is a very important industry for Romania. The number of vacationers and the income associated with them continue to rise. However, it is also important to mention that most of the holidaymakers come from Romania themselves. Out of an average of 5.5 million tourists, only 1.1 million come from abroad.
In Romania there is a vignette requirement for cars and trucks. A vignette must be attached to the vehicle on all roads in Romania. These are available at the border crossings and most of the OMV, Rompetrol and Petrom petrol stations. Anyone found during the frequent checks without such a vignette pays heavy fines.
Romania has many different sights to offer. So you should definitely not go to theUNESCO World Natural Heritagebelonging to the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve. It consists of a large number of islands and wetlands. The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve is one of the largest in the EU. You can see a diverse flora and fauna here.
The villages and fortified churches in Transylvania are absolutely impressive. The fortified churches were made by the TransylvaniansSaxonybuilt between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries as protection against incursions by the Turks.
The fortified churches in Biertan, Viscri, Prejmer, Dârjiu, Saschiz, Câlnic and Valea Viilor belong to theWorld Heritageof UNESCO. The most beautiful fortified church is in Biertan. However, there are countless other fortified churches in the region.
The monastery of Horezu is worth seeing. It was built in Wallachia in southern Romania in the 17th century. The founder of the huge monastery complex was Prince Constantin Brincoveanu. Inside the monastery there are magnificent Byzantine frescoes to be admired.
Not to be missed is the painted churches in northern Moldova. They are among the most famous religious buildings in Romania. On the outside of the churches you can see colorful frescoes with different scenes from the Bible. The exact year of construction of the individual churches can no longer be precisely determined, but there is evidence that they were donated as thanks for the victory against the Turks and Mongols. The churches were painted between the mid-fifteenth century and the beginning of the sixteenth. The first was the Church of Humor.
One should have seen the forts of the Dacians in the mountains of Orastie. They were made in the 1st century BC. Erected from BC to 1st century AD. The fortifications have been on the UNESCO World Heritage List for some time.
Other significant sights, through which the history of Romania has been influenced, are the wooden churches of Maramures (Marmarosch) and the historic center of Sighisoara (Schäßburg).
The Romanians also have a large number of different sacred buildings to offer their visitors, such as the Serbian Church, the Orthodox Cathedral, the Roman Catholic Church, the Simion Stalpnicul Monastery, the Black Church etc.
There is even a mosque to visit in Romania the Great Mosque in Constata. It dates from 1910.
The Archaeological Park in Constanta is an absolute must. Finds from the ancient period of the city, such as columns, friezes, storage vessels, etc. are exhibited there
But the ruins of the Trajan Bridge in Drobeta-Turnu Severin should not be missed either. The bridge was built between 103 and 105 and is used to cross the Danube. A picture of the Trajan Bridge can be seen on the Trajan Column in Rome. Other sights in the vicinity of the city are the ruins of a Roman fortress, as well as the remains of Roman thermal baths.
The eighteenth-century fortress of Karlsburg is also worth a visit. It is the largest fortress in Transylvania, as its fortress walls are twelve kilometers long and the fortress has more than seven bastions.
Other interesting historical buildings in Romania are the fortress of Karlsburg, the Prinzenpalais in Karlsburg, the Batthyaneum library, the Arad State Theater, etc. In any case, Romania has a lot to offer, listing them all would fill an entire book.
There are also a number of different museums throughout the country, so that the museum lovers among the tourists will certainly get their money’s worth.
You should definitely not miss a visit to the nature reserve of the mud volcanoes. Because there is a unique landscape to be seen there. Petroleum gases, which have formed small craters and up to 4 m high miniature volcanoes, in which the mud is constantly gurgling in motion, escape from the clay-like soil.
The Retezat National Park in the Transylvanian Alps is definitely worth seeing. It is the oldest national park in the Carpathians.
There are eleven other national parks to visit in Romania.
But the absolute highlight of Romania’s natural beauty is the Apenuse Mountains.