Brief History of Hawaii

By | May 19, 2022

Population: 1 374.810 thousand people (2011)
Area: 28311.0 sq. km

The Hawaiian Islands are a true Pacific paradise. Americans call this US federal state “Aloha”. The name “Aloha” has several meanings – “love”, “welcome” and “happiness”. Indeed, while relaxing in the Hawaiian Islands, you experience endless happiness and joy from the luxurious greenery of the islands, warm climate, and beautiful beaches.

The Hawaiian Islands are located between America and Asia. The archipelago includes about 24 large and 120 small islands. Among them are the islands of Hawaii, Kauai, Oahu, Maui, Molokai, Niihau and others. They are called the pearls of the Pacific Ocean. The islands arose as a result of volcanic eruptions. They were discovered by James Cook. An English navigator gave them the name “Sandwich Islands”. It happened back in 1778.

Hawaii is the fiftieth state of the United States. The islands are located 4 thousand km from San Francisco. The capital city of Honolulu, located on the island of Oahu, means “safe haven” in the Hawaiian language.

The territory of the islands is mainly occupied by tropical forests and savannah. For a long time, Hawaii, thanks to luxurious forests, wild beaches, virgin nature, was not inferior in beauty to Polynesia. But now here you can see not only the beauty of untouched nature, but also a string of high-rise buildings, skyscrapers, towers located along the sandy coasts. Hawaii is a US outpost. There are volcanoes on the territory of the islands. Kilauea and Mauna Loa are active volcanoes.

Thanks to the excellent climatic conditions, bananas, coffee, and nuts are grown here. And in terms of the export of pineapples and the production of sugar, Hawaii occupies a leading position in the world.

However, not only agriculture determines the economy of the Hawaiian Islands. Hawaiian beaches, lush flowering vegetation, developed services, high-class hotels attract tourists from all over the world. Especially popular among vacationers are the beaches of Waikiki. A huge number of hotels and hotels have been built here. Holidays on the beaches of the Hawaiian Islands will be appreciated by windsurfers. The weather here is always beautiful, clear warm water and huge waves. Coral reefs amaze with their beauty everyone who has visited the Hawaiian Islands at least once. And voluptuous Hawaiian melodies at night discos will delight lovers of nightlife.

There are many attractions on the islands. The whole family can go to the Hawaiian Volcano National Park, visit Kapiolani Park and Moana, the palace of the Iolani kings. Art lovers will be interested in the exhibition at the Lyman Museum in Hilo. The famous Pearl Harbor is located on the island. Military bases located on the islands are closed to tourists. But those who wish can visit the military memorial museum, which is called Pearl Harbor.

Hawaii, like a magnet, attracts connoisseurs of the beauty of nature and comfortable rest. Magnificent beaches, light ocean breeze, rays of the gentle sun, aromas of unusual tropical flowers will make your vacation in the Hawaiian Islands truly unforgettable.


Population: 377.260 thousand people (2004)
Area: 272.1 sq. km

The city of Honolulu is located on the third largest island in the Hawaiian archipelago – the island of Oahu, and is the capital of the state of Hawaii. Honolulu means “sheltered bay” in Hawaiian. Based on archaeological data, the first settlements in this part of the island date back to the 11th century.

The Hawaiian Islands were unknown to Europeans for a long time. In 1778, Captain James Cook discovered the island of Oahu, but did not explore its southeastern part, so the first European to swim in the harbor of Honolulu was the Briton William Brown in 1794. The development of new lands began.

In 1804, among other tribal leaders, King Kamehameha I stood out. He captured the island of Oahu and founded the royal court in Waikiki (now the tourist area of Honolulu). The city developed and, under the influence of Europeans, became an important point in the maritime traffic between North America and Asia. American missionaries arrive on the island, establish settlements, build enterprises. The city becomes the center of trade on the islands.

In 1893, the Kingdom of Hawaii becomes the fiftieth state of the United States and is called the “State of Hawaii”.

The state’s economy is based largely on tourism. The tropical oceanic climate is favorable for a beach holiday all year round. Honolulu Airport serves about 20,000 passengers annually. The best hotels, restaurants and entertainment centers are located on Waikiki Beach. Not far from the city is the crater of an extinct volcano Diamond Head – a favorite place for tourists. And in the suburbs of Honolulu there is a memorial complex and the operating base of the US naval forces – Pearl Harbor.

In the city center is the only royal palace in the United States – Iolani Palace – the former residence of the Hawaiian monarchs.

Most of the tourists who come to Honolulu are diving and surfing enthusiasts. The peculiar island culture of the Hawaiians is also attractive to them: traditional wreaths of flowers, the Hula dance, ethnic tattoos, canoeing. Hawaiians lead a measured lifestyle and are very friendly to visitors.

Brief History of Hawaii

Kailua CDP, Hawaii

Kailua, located on the eastern shore of Oahu in Hawaii, is a picturesque community with a rich history and a tropical climate that embodies the essence of the Aloha State. The Kailua Census-Designated Place (CDP) has evolved from its ancient Hawaiian roots to become a vibrant town known for its stunning beaches, outdoor activities, and unique cultural heritage.

The history of Kailua is deeply intertwined with the indigenous people of Hawaii. Long before European contact, the area was inhabited by native Hawaiians who practiced sustainable agriculture, fishing, and lived in harmony with the land. The ahupua’a system, a traditional Hawaiian land division that extends from the mountains to the sea, was a key aspect of the region’s resource management.

In the late 18th century, European explorers and traders arrived in Hawaii, bringing new influences and technologies. The impact of Western contact intensified in the 19th century, with the arrival of missionaries and the establishment of sugarcane and pineapple plantations. Kailua, with its fertile land and proximity to the coast, became part of this economic transformation.

In the mid-20th century, Kailua experienced significant development and population growth. The construction of the Pali Highway in 1959 facilitated easier access to Honolulu, the state capital, contributing to Kailua’s emergence as a desirable residential area. The town’s charm, combined with its stunning natural beauty, attracted both locals and newcomers, fostering a tight-knit community.

According to Prozipcodes, the climate of Kailua is classified as tropical, featuring warm temperatures and distinct wet and dry seasons. Average temperatures range from the mid-60s to mid-80s Fahrenheit (18-30°C) throughout the year. The wet season typically occurs from November to March, with increased rainfall and occasional trade wind-driven showers. The dry season, from April to October, brings sunnier and more stable weather.

Kailua’s climate is influenced by trade winds that blow from the northeast, providing a refreshing breeze and contributing to the region’s overall comfort. The lush landscapes, including the Koolau mountain range and the pristine beaches, thrive in this tropical environment, creating an idyllic backdrop for residents and visitors.

One of Kailua’s most renowned features is its stunning beaches. Kailua Beach and Lanikai Beach consistently rank among the best beaches globally, attracting water enthusiasts, sunbathers, and wind sports enthusiasts. The powdery white sand and crystal-clear turquoise waters make these beaches popular for activities such as swimming, kayaking, paddleboarding, and windsurfing.

Kailua also boasts cultural and historical landmarks that reflect its diverse heritage. The Ulupo Heiau State Historic Site, an ancient Hawaiian temple, stands as a testament to the area’s pre-contact history. The Byodo-In Temple, a replica of a Japanese Buddhist temple nestled at the base of the Koolau Mountains, offers a serene and culturally rich experience.

In recent decades, Kailua has faced challenges related to development, including concerns about preserving its natural beauty and maintaining a sense of community identity. Efforts by residents and organizations have focused on sustainable development, environmental conservation, and the preservation of cultural heritage.

Today, Kailua remains a sought-after residential community and a popular destination for tourists seeking an authentic Hawaiian experience away from the hustle and bustle of urban life. The town’s mix of natural beauty, outdoor recreation, and cultural significance continues to make it a special place that captures the spirit of Hawaii, attracting those who appreciate the unique blend of history and paradise that defines Kailua.