Brief History of Idaho

By | May 19, 2022

Population: 1 584.985 thousand people (2011)
Area: 216632.0 sq. km

In the Northwest of the United States is one of the states of the country – Idaho, which borders in the north on the Canadian province of British Columbia and six American states. The capital city of Boise is the largest city in the state. Here are the main state institutions of Idaho, in particular the legislature (legislative assembly).

On the territory of the state developed: agriculture, mining and scientific and technical sector. In the middle of the 19th century, gold deposits were discovered on the lands of Idaho, which attracted a significant part of the settlers to these places. In July 1890, the territory of Idaho received the status of a state, which became the 43rd in a row.

According to, the first inhabitants of what is now Idaho were the Paleo-Indians who lived here in the 13th millennium BC. The largest tribes in terms of numbers were the non-Persians and the Paiutes. At the time when the Europeans appeared on the lands of the state, the number of Indians was about eight thousand.

Members of the expedition of Lewis and Clark were the first foreigners who appeared on the Indian lands of the present state. By the middle of the 19th century, the stocks of furs, which were actively mined in these places, were significantly reduced. But in connection with the discovery of huge deposits of gold and the influx of prospectors, settlements began to form and grow on the territory of the present state, which eventually turned into cities.

The terrain of the state is mostly mountainous. Climate heterogeneity is affected by maritime air currents that are directed to the state from the Pacific Ocean. In southern Idaho lies the Snake River Valley, which occupies almost a quarter of the entire area of the state. Here are the largest cities – Boise, Caldwell, Idaho Falls, Pokatelo, several navigable rivers and about two thousand lakes, the largest of which is Pand Orey. In the Lost River valley is Bora Peak, which is the highest point in Idaho. At the confluence of the Snake and Clearwater rivers, Lewiston is the lowest point in Idaho.


Population: 205.671 thousand people (2010)
Area: 165.8 sq. km
Founded: 1863
City status since: 1864
Time zone: UTC-7, summer UTC-6

The capital of Idaho is its largest city, Boise. It is located in the west of the state, in the district of Ada. The river that runs through the city is also called the Boise. See Idaho counties.

Before the arrival of the colonists, the Boise area was inhabited by non-Persian and Paiute Indians. The first Europeans here were the French, miners and fur traders. They established a fort here in the 1830s, naming it Boise (from the French word for timber). Soon it was abandoned, but in 1853 it was restored by the US Army. The favorable location of the fort was reflected in its growth. Not far from Boise was the Oregon Highway and there were silver mines. Already in 1866, the noticeably grown city “intercepted” the status of the capital of Idaho from Lewiston.

Boise is interesting because the largest Basque diaspora in the United States lives here, the main employer is the state, and the main mode of transport is a bicycle. Boise has restaurants and hotels, but most of the attractions are outside the city limits. These are natural parks in the surrounding mountains and the river valley, recreation areas and hot springs.

Brief History of Idaho