Brief History of New Hampshire

By | May 19, 2022

Population: 1,318.194 thousand people (2011)
Area: 24217.0 sq. km

In the northeast of the United States of America in New England is the so-called “Granite State” – New Hampshire.

Initially, this place was inhabited by the Algonquian peoples, the main of which were the Indians of the Pinnacook and Abenaki tribes. The Englishman Martin Pring was the first European explorer to visit this land. This event took place in 1603, and already 2 years later the famous Frenchman Samuel de Champelin arrived here. The year 1623 was marked for the future state by an attempt to establish the first settlement; today, the Odiorn Point Historical Park is located on this site. In the same century, John Mason and Ferdinand Gorge received a patent for the territory of the “Province of Maine”, which a few years later was divided into New Somersetshire and New Hampshire, the latter was headed by John Mason. Until the middle of the 18th century, the new province was part of Massachusetts., it was independent.

For a century, constant clashes between the British and the French took place in the province, and the disadvantaged Indians also participated on the side of the latter. However, the victory was nevertheless won by the British, who, after the end of the French and Indian War, took up the development of the economy of New Hampshire. On December 14, 1774, disgruntled American rebels led by John Sullivan and John Langdon and the colonists clashed near Fort William and Mary. The rebels managed to capture a large number of ammunition, weapons and gunpowder. In January 1776, the New Hampshire legislature adopted the state constitution, and in 1788 New Hampshire became the 9th US state by ratifying the US Constitution.

In 1808, the city of Concord was declared the state capital. In the 19th-20th centuries, the main industries in the state continued to be the textile industry, woodworking industry and granite mining. In addition, the production of looms, fire engines, small arms and other things is developing.

Nowadays, according to, New Hampshire is increasingly developing as a “tourist state”. The main attention of tourists is attracted by the diverse nature with picturesque lakes and mountains covered with forests.


Population: 107.219 thousand people (2000)
Area: 90.4 sq. km
Founded: 1751
Time zone: UTC
Altitude: 64 m

Manchester, located in southern New Hampshire, is the state’s largest city. It is spread out on the banks of the Merrimack River, which divides the city into two unequal (more eastern) parts. To the east of Manchester lies the picturesque Lake Massabesic, a popular recreational area. It was once used by the inhabitants of Manchester for drinking, but is now closed even for swimming.┬áSee New Hampshire counties.

The Pennacock Indians, who lived in the area before the arrival of Europeans, called the local part of the Merrimack Valley Namoskig – “a place of excellent fishing.” In 1722, a soldier, John Goffe, settled on the river near Amoskeg Falls, building a dam and a sawmill. Then the settlement was called Old Harris Town. The official date of birth of the city is 1751, when the settlement was given city status and named Derryfield.

In 1807, the merchant and inventor Samuel Blodget decided to turn the city into an industrial center following the example of British Manchester. For these purposes, navigation along the Merrimack was established, and in 1809 the first cotton factories were opened. Derryfield was renamed Manchester in 1810. In the middle of the 19th century, the largest cotton-spinning plant on the planet, designed for 4,000 looms, operated in the city.

Despite the fact that the industrial power of American Manchester is a thing of the past, the legacy of that era is one of the most conceptual and beautiful city historical centers of New England of the Victorian era. Many of the factories have been torn down to build other buildings, but some of them, built in the distinctive red brick, are a reminder of Manchester’s glory days, as are many of the 19th century mansions and churches.

Brief History of New Hampshire