Brief History of New Hampshire

By | May 19, 2022

Population: 1,318.194 thousand people (2011)
Area: 24217.0 sq. km

In the northeast of the United States of America in New England is the so-called “Granite State” – New Hampshire.

Initially, this place was inhabited by the Algonquian peoples, the main of which were the Indians of the Pinnacook and Abenaki tribes. The Englishman Martin Pring was the first European explorer to visit this land. This event took place in 1603, and already 2 years later the famous Frenchman Samuel de Champelin arrived here. The year 1623 was marked for the future state by an attempt to establish the first settlement; today, the Odiorn Point Historical Park is located on this site. In the same century, John Mason and Ferdinand Gorge received a patent for the territory of the “Province of Maine”, which a few years later was divided into New Somersetshire and New Hampshire, the latter was headed by John Mason. Until the middle of the 18th century, the new province was part of Massachusetts., it was independent.

For a century, constant clashes between the British and the French took place in the province, and the disadvantaged Indians also participated on the side of the latter. However, the victory was nevertheless won by the British, who, after the end of the French and Indian War, took up the development of the economy of New Hampshire. On December 14, 1774, disgruntled American rebels led by John Sullivan and John Langdon and the colonists clashed near Fort William and Mary. The rebels managed to capture a large number of ammunition, weapons and gunpowder. In January 1776, the New Hampshire legislature adopted the state constitution, and in 1788 New Hampshire became the 9th US state by ratifying the US Constitution.

In 1808, the city of Concord was declared the state capital. In the 19th-20th centuries, the main industries in the state continued to be the textile industry, woodworking industry and granite mining. In addition, the production of looms, fire engines, small arms and other things is developing.

Nowadays, New Hampshire is increasingly developing as a “tourist state”. The main attention of tourists is attracted by the diverse nature with picturesque lakes and mountains covered with forests.


Population: 107.219 thousand people (2000)
Area: 90.4 sq. km
Founded: 1751
Time zone: UTC
Altitude: 64 m

Manchester, located in southern New Hampshire, is the state’s largest city. It is spread out on the banks of the Merrimack River, which divides the city into two unequal (more eastern) parts. To the east of Manchester lies the picturesque Lake Massabesic, a popular recreational area. It was once used by the inhabitants of Manchester for drinking, but is now closed even for swimming.

The Pennacock Indians, who lived in the area before the arrival of Europeans, called the local part of the Merrimack Valley Namoskig – “a place of excellent fishing.” In 1722, a soldier, John Goffe, settled on the river near Amoskeg Falls, building a dam and a sawmill. Then the settlement was called Old Harris Town. The official date of birth of the city is 1751, when the settlement was given city status and named Derryfield.

In 1807, the merchant and inventor Samuel Blodget decided to turn the city into an industrial center following the example of British Manchester. For these purposes, navigation along the Merrimack was established, and in 1809 the first cotton factories were opened. Derryfield was renamed Manchester in 1810. In the middle of the 19th century, the largest cotton-spinning plant on the planet, designed for 4,000 looms, operated in the city.

Despite the fact that the industrial power of American Manchester is a thing of the past, the legacy of that era is one of the most conceptual and beautiful city historical centers of New England of the Victorian era. Many of the factories have been torn down to build other buildings, but some of them, built in the distinctive red brick, are a reminder of Manchester’s glory days, as are many of the 19th century mansions and churches.

Brief History of New Hampshire

Dover, New Hampshire

History and Climate of Dover, New Hampshire:

History: Dover, one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the United States, has a rich history dating back to the early colonial period. Settled in 1623, just three years after the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock, Dover predates the formation of the United States by nearly 150 years. Its strategic location along the Cochecho River and proximity to the Atlantic Ocean made it a vital center for trade and commerce.

In the 17th century, the settlement was known for its sawmills and gristmills, utilizing the water power of the Cochecho River. Dover grew as an industrial and maritime center, with shipbuilding and the production of textiles becoming prominent industries in the 19th century. The Cocheco Manufacturing Company, established in 1827, played a significant role in the city’s textile industry.

Dover’s historical landscape is dotted with well-preserved colonial and Victorian architecture, reflecting its evolution over the centuries. Notable landmarks include the Woodman Institute Museum, which showcases artifacts from Dover’s past, and the First Parish Church, one of the oldest congregational churches in New Hampshire.

As the city progressed into the 20th century, it continued to diversify its economy. Today, Dover maintains a balance between its historical charm and a modern, thriving community. The downtown area has undergone revitalization, offering a mix of shops, restaurants, and cultural venues. Dover’s commitment to preserving its heritage is evident in the preservation of historic buildings and the promotion of community events.

Climate: According to Weddinginfashion, Dover experiences a humid continental climate, characterized by four distinct seasons with variations in temperature and precipitation.

  1. Summer (June-August): Summers in Dover are generally warm, with average high temperatures ranging from the mid-70s to mid-80s Fahrenheit. The city’s proximity to the Atlantic Ocean moderates temperatures, providing a comfortable climate for outdoor activities. Summer is a popular time for residents and visitors to explore the city’s parks, attend outdoor events, and enjoy the natural beauty of the Cocheco River.
  2. Fall (September-November): Fall brings cooler temperatures, with average highs ranging from the mid-50s to mid-60s Fahrenheit. The city’s tree-lined streets and parks showcase vibrant autumn colors, making it a picturesque season. Residents often engage in outdoor activities like hiking and apple-picking during the fall months.
  3. Winter (December-February): Winters in Dover are cold, with average high temperatures ranging from the mid-20s to mid-30s Fahrenheit. Snowfall is common, transforming the city into a winter wonderland. Winter sports such as skiing and snowshoeing are popular activities in the surrounding areas. The city’s festive atmosphere during the holiday season adds to the charm of winter in Dover.
  4. Spring (March-May): Spring is a transitional season marked by rising temperatures, with average highs ranging from the mid-40s to mid-60s Fahrenheit. As the snow melts and flowers bloom, residents welcome the renewal of life. Spring is an ideal time for gardening and outdoor gatherings.

Dover’s climate, with its distinct seasons, contributes to a variety of recreational opportunities throughout the year. The city’s commitment to preserving its historical character, combined with its modern amenities, makes it an attractive place to live and visit. The enduring legacy of Dover’s colonial past is evident in its architecture, cultural institutions, and community events, providing a connection between the city’s rich history and its vibrant present.