Population: 19 465.197 thousand people (2011)
Area: 141300.0 sq. km
According to citypopulationreview.com, New York, Imperial State, is located in the northeastern United States. The nature of the state is distinguished by a variety of landscapes. West New York is a country of lakes. Erie and Ontario, connected by the Niagara River, wash the coastal lowlands of the state. The central part is occupied by the Allegoan Plateau of the Appalachian mountain system, as well as the Adiorondack Mountains. To the east flows the Hudson, connected by a canal to the legendary Lake Champlain. In the southeast, New York State faces the Atlantic Ocean. On its shores and on Long Island is the largest city in the United States – New York, after which the entire state is named.
A humid temperate climate is characteristic of the entire state, except that further from the ocean, precipitation becomes somewhat less. This region lies in a zone of mixed forests, of which there are not so many left – mainly in mountainous areas. Minerals are represented by building materials and zinc ore.
The lands of New York were inhabited by the peoples of the Iroquois and Algonquian groups. The French expedition of 1523 was the first European to visit the New York bay area, and in the early 17th century the Dutch settled here, who founded New Amsterdam (modern New York) in 1626. In 1664, the Dutch were forced to cede the colony to the British. Until 1751, the territory of the state repeatedly became the scene of military clashes, uprisings of the Indians and rebellions. In the War of Independence, New York occupied a strategic position, several major battles took place here. In 1778, the territory entered the United States as State No. 11. Albany has been the state capital since 1797.
New York is one of the largest tourist centers in the United States. Only in New York there are 18 historical, 21 art and 8 other museums, 3 zoos and 2 botanical gardens. The real symbol of the city, the state and the whole country is the Statue of Liberty. In New York, there are many parks, restaurants, all conditions for recreation, sports and cultural pastimes. Another hallmark of the state is the falls on the Niagara River.
Population: 261.310 thousand people (2010)
Area: 136.0 sq. km
Time zone: UTC-5, summer UTC-4
Altitude: 183 m
The city of Buffalo belongs to the United States and belongs to the state of New York. Buffalo is on the shores of Lake Erie. Sometimes this city is included in the ten million Golden Horseshoe agglomeration, mostly located in Canada. The name, translated from a modified French phrase, means “beautiful river”. Buffalo has several nicknames. The most familiar of them is the “city of the queen”. Other nicknames include “Nickel City”, “City of Good Neighbors”, “City of Light” and “City of Trees”. See New York counties.
One of the first small trading settlements appeared near Buffalo Bay in 1789. After the Erie Canal was opened (1825), the city began to grow rapidly. By 1900, Buffalo had become the largest center for the production of steel products. The following year, the Pan American Exposition opened in Buffalo. An interesting fact is that President McKinley was mortally wounded at this exhibition. Also, for the first time, the public was introduced to the properties of X-rays. In addition, it was in Buffalo that the attraction “Journey to the Moon” was first introduced. He impressed everyone so much that in just 2 years all amusement parks in the United States were called “amusement parks”.
In the second half of the 20th century there was a decline in the development of the city. One of the reasons for this is the opening of a navigable passage through the Gulf of St. Lawrence. In addition, many steelworking enterprises have closed or moved. On the other hand, the transfer of production greatly improved the economic situation in Buffalo. In 2005, it became one of the three cleanest cities in the US.
Today, Buffalo is a financial, cultural, medical and educational center. The city is developing a multilateral economy to ensure its own growth in the 21st century. The main educational institution of Buffalo is the State University of New York, which has three branches here. Among the main cultural attractions that have received universal recognition are the city’s Philharmonic Orchestra, the Albright-Knox Art Gallery. Also near the city is Niagara Falls. This waterfall is one of the most visited places by tourists. Another interesting fact is that an exhibition of modern Ural graphic artists was held in the art gallery of the city of Buffalo.
Population: 196.086 thousand people (2000)
Area: 52.6 sq. km
Time zone: UTC-5, summer UTC-4
Altitude: 25 m
The city of Yonkers is known as one of the most densely populated settlements in Westchester County. Next to it are Mathattan and the Bronx. The central part of the city is occupied by the Getty Square area, where administrative offices, large shopping centers, office buildings of companies and public organizations are located. Trevor Park is home to the largest Hudson River Museum in Westchester County. It includes several halls containing exhibits related to the history of the region, its culture and scientific discoveries. In one of its rooms there is an exhibition of paintings by local artists. Since 2008, an environmental education center with a hydroponic greenhouse has been opened. It grows crops under special conditions using solar panels, biofuels and wind turbines.
Among the architectural monuments, Sherwood House, built in 1740, stands out. The basis of the three-story structure is the foundation built on the slope of the hill. The historical building was repeatedly supplemented with new architectural elements and reconstructed.
Founded in the mid-17th century, Yonkers was a small town with an agricultural focus for nearly two centuries. Later, industry began to develop here. In the middle of the 19th century, industrialist and inventor Elisha Otis opened the first elevator manufacturing plant. Almost at this time, Alexander Smith established a weaving mill. With the development of production facilities, several more large workshops and residential buildings for workers were built next to it. They are now part of the Alexander Smith Carpet Factory Historic District.
The origin of the name is connected with the Dutch word “jonkheer”, which means “young master”, close in meaning to the English word “esquire”. This nickname was given to the first local landowner in the Dutch colony. Founded as a farming community in 1646, Yonkers later became an industrial center in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and became a suburb of New York in the early 21st century. Many of its citizens work at the enterprises of the metropolis. In 1894, Yonkers could become part of Greater New York, then its residents voted against administrative changes.