Brief History of Vermont

By | May 19, 2022

Population: 626.431 thousand people (2011)
Area: 24923.0 sq. km

The 14th state in the northeast of the United States is Vermont, which is located in the New England region. It is one of the smallest states in the country, with the capital city of Montpelier. The state became part of the country in 1791. The boundary between Vermont and the state of New Hampshire to the east is the west bank of the Connecticut River. Lake Champlain in the northwest is located between the states of New York and Vermont. The natural freshwater reservoir is the state’s main lake. The Vermont Territory includes six geographic regions: the Green Mountains, the Northeast Highlands, the Champlain Lowlands, the Taconic Mountains, the Vermont Valley, and the foothills of Mount Vermont.

Jacques Cartier entered the history of the state as the first European to see Vermont in 1535. The French explorer Samuel de Champlain at the end of July 1609, having declared Vermont the territory of New France, founded a fort here. The fortified structure became the first European settlement. In 1724, immigrants from Great Britain founded a permanent settlement in these places. Between 1777 and 1791, the state was a self-contained Republic whose constitution prohibited slavery and gave equal voting rights to all men.

In the spring of 1791, Vermont became part of the United States as the 14th state. More than 34 thousand of its inhabitants were in the army during the Civil War of 1861-1865.

Tourism is a major part of the state’s economy. The local ski resorts are very popular and attract numerous tourists from all over the US. The tourism industry provides jobs for the bulk of the state’s residents. There are many comfortable hotels, restaurants and shops here. Vermont is famous for its festivals: Maple, Music, Apple. The Vermont Symphony Orchestra tours throughout the state. The capital city annually holds the film festival “Green Mountains”.

Brief History of Vermont

Rutland city, Vermont

History and Climate of Rutland City, Vermont:


  1. Indigenous Inhabitants: The history of Rutland City, Vermont, begins with its original inhabitants, the Abenaki Native American tribe. They lived in the region for centuries, relying on the area’s natural resources for sustenance and trade.
  2. European Settlement: The first European settlers arrived in the mid-18th century, drawn to the fertile land and abundant water resources. Rutland, originally chartered in 1761, saw an influx of settlers from Connecticut and Massachusetts. The town’s development was influenced by its proximity to waterways, including Otter Creek.
  3. Agriculture and Industry: Rutland’s early economy was rooted in agriculture, with farming and livestock playing crucial roles. The town’s strategic location along transportation routes contributed to its growth as a hub for trade and commerce. Rutland developed into a center for marble production, earning it the nickname “Marble City.”
  4. Marble Industry: In the 19th century, Rutland became a major player in the marble industry, extracting high-quality marble from nearby quarries. The industry brought prosperity to the town, leading to the construction of impressive marble structures and monuments. The Vermont Marble Company, headquartered in Rutland, became one of the largest producers of marble in the world.
  5. Railroads and Transportation: The arrival of railroads in the mid-19th century further enhanced Rutland’s role as a transportation center. Rail connections facilitated the shipment of marble and other goods, fostering economic growth. Rutland’s railroad history is reflected in the historic Rutland Railroad, which played a crucial role in the town’s development.
  6. Cultural and Educational Institutions: Rutland’s cultural and educational institutions have contributed to its identity. The Paramount Theatre, built in 1913, is a notable example of historic architecture and has been a center for entertainment and cultural events. The Rutland Free Library, established in 1886, has played a vital role in fostering literacy and knowledge in the community.
  7. Military Contributions: Rutland has a history of military contributions, with residents actively participating in various conflicts, including the Civil War. The Grand Army of the Republic Hall, constructed in 1897, stands as a monument to Rutland’s Civil War veterans.
  8. Modern Era: In the 20th century, Rutland experienced economic changes with shifts in industry and technology. While the marble industry declined, the town diversified its economic base. Today, Rutland is known for its vibrant community, cultural events, and outdoor recreational opportunities.


According to Shoefrantics, Rutland, Vermont, experiences a humid continental climate, characterized by distinct seasons with cold winters and warm summers.

  1. Summer (June-August): Summers in Rutland are warm, with average high temperatures ranging from the mid-70s to mid-80s Fahrenheit. The region experiences moderate humidity, and residents and visitors take advantage of the pleasant weather to engage in outdoor activities and explore the natural beauty of Vermont.
  2. Fall (September-November): Fall brings a burst of color to Rutland as the foliage transforms into vibrant hues of red, orange, and yellow. Average highs range from the mid-60s to mid-70s Fahrenheit, making it an ideal time for leaf-peeping, hiking, and other fall activities.
  3. Winter (December-February): Winters in Rutland are cold, with average high temperatures ranging from the mid-20s to low 30s Fahrenheit. Snowfall is common, and the town becomes a winter wonderland. Skiing, snowmobiling, and other winter sports are popular among residents and visitors.
  4. Spring (March-May): Spring is a transitional season with gradually warming temperatures. Average highs range from the mid-40s to mid-60s Fahrenheit. As the snow melts and flowers bloom, Rutland experiences a renewal of life. Spring is a time for gardening, outdoor events, and the anticipation of warmer days.

The changing seasons contribute to Rutland’s charm, providing residents with a variety of outdoor and recreational activities throughout the year. The town’s commitment to preserving its historic sites, embracing cultural events, and fostering a sense of community reflects its rich history and the values of its residents. Rutland continues to evolve while honoring its heritage as a dynamic and resilient Vermont town.