Brief History of Vermont

By | May 19, 2022

Population: 626.431 thousand people (2011)
Area: 24923.0 sq. km

The 14th state in the northeast of the United States is Vermont, which is located in the New England region. It is one of the smallest states in the country, with the capital city of Montpelier. The state became part of the country in 1791. The boundary between Vermont and the state of New Hampshire to the east is the west bank of the Connecticut River. Lake Champlain in the northwest is located between the states of New York and Vermont. The natural freshwater reservoir is the state’s main lake. The Vermont Territory includes six geographic regions: the Green Mountains, the Northeast Highlands, the Champlain Lowlands, the Taconic Mountains, the Vermont Valley, and the foothills of Mount Vermont.┬áSee Vermont counties.

Jacques Cartier entered the history of the state as the first European to see Vermont in 1535. The French explorer Samuel de Champlain at the end of July 1609, having declared Vermont the territory of New France, founded a fort here. The fortified structure became the first European settlement. In 1724, immigrants from Great Britain founded a permanent settlement in these places. Between 1777 and 1791, the state was a self-contained Republic whose constitution prohibited slavery and gave equal voting rights to all men.

In the spring of 1791, Vermont became part of the United States as the 14th state. More than 34 thousand of its inhabitants were in the army during the Civil War of 1861-1865.

According to, tourism is a major part of the state’s economy. The local ski resorts are very popular and attract numerous tourists from all over the US. The tourism industry provides jobs for the bulk of the state’s residents. There are many comfortable hotels, restaurants and shops here. Vermont is famous for its festivals: Maple, Music, Apple. The Vermont Symphony Orchestra tours throughout the state. The capital city annually holds the film festival “Green Mountains”.

Brief History of Vermont