Belmopan, the capital city of Belize, is located in the central part of the country, nestled within the lush forests of the Belizean interior. Belize is a Central American nation known for its diverse ecosystems, including tropical rainforests, Mayan ruins, and the world’s second-largest barrier reef. Belmopan experiences a tropical savanna climate, characterized by distinct wet and dry seasons, warm temperatures, and high humidity. To provide a comprehensive description of Belmopan’s climate, it’s essential to examine various aspects, including temperature, precipitation, humidity, and seasonal variations.
According to andyeducation, Belmopan is situated in the Cayo District of Belize, about 80 kilometers (50 miles) inland from the Caribbean Sea. The city’s location in the interior of Belize and its elevation at approximately 76 meters (250 feet) above sea level contribute to its climate characteristics.
Belmopan experiences two primary seasons: a wet season and a dry season, with relatively consistent temperatures throughout the year.
Wet Season (June to November):
The wet season in Belmopan typically spans from June to November and is characterized by higher humidity levels and increased rainfall. This period also coincides with the Atlantic hurricane season, during which Belize can be affected by tropical storms or hurricanes.
- June: The wet season begins in June, with average high temperatures ranging from 30°C to 33°C (86°F to 91°F).
- July: July is one of the wettest months in Belmopan, with frequent heavy rainfall and average high temperatures between 30°C and 33°C (86°F to 91°F).
- August: August continues the wet season, with heavy rainfall and average high temperatures ranging from 30°C to 32°C (86°F to 90°F).
- September: September remains rainy, with average high temperatures between 30°C and 32°C (86°F to 90°F).
- October: The wet season continues in October, with average high temperatures ranging from 29°C to 31°C (84°F to 88°F).
- November: The wet season gradually tapers off in November, with average high temperatures between 29°C and 31°C (84°F to 88°F).
During the wet season, Belmopan experiences frequent rainfall, often in the form of afternoon or evening showers and thunderstorms. These rain events can bring heavy downpours, gusty winds, and localized flooding in low-lying areas. While the wet season is characterized by higher humidity, the inland location of Belmopan provides some relief from the heat compared to coastal areas.
Dry Season (December to May):
The dry season in Belmopan spans from December to May and brings more comfortable humidity levels and lower rainfall.
- December: The dry season begins in December, with average high temperatures ranging from 27°C to 30°C (81°F to 86°F).
- January: January continues the dry season, with average high temperatures between 27°C and 29°C (81°F to 84°F).
- February: February is typically one of the driest months, with average high temperatures ranging from 27°C to 29°C (81°F to 84°F).
- March: March remains dry and pleasant, with average high temperatures between 27°C and 29°C (81°F to 84°F).
- April: April continues the dry season, with average high temperatures ranging from 29°C to 31°C (84°F to 88°F).
- May: The dry season gradually transitions to the wet season in May, with average high temperatures between 30°C and 32°C (86°F to 90°F).
According to existingcountries, the dry season in Belmopan is characterized by lower humidity levels, clear skies, and a decrease in rainfall. These comfortable weather conditions make it an ideal time for outdoor activities, exploring the surrounding nature reserves, and enjoying the country’s natural beauty.
Belmopan receives the majority of its annual rainfall during the wet season, particularly from June to November. The annual average rainfall in Belmopan is approximately 1,700 millimeters (67 inches). Rainfall during the wet season can be heavy, leading to temporary flooding in some areas.
During the dry season, rainfall is minimal, and Belmopan experiences clear and sunny days. Rainfall during this period is typically limited to occasional light showers, but these do not significantly impact the overall dry weather.
Humidity and Wind:
Humidity levels in Belmopan vary throughout the year. During the wet season, humidity levels are relatively higher, often exceeding 70%, creating a more muggy and humid atmosphere. In contrast, the dry season brings lower humidity levels, making the climate more comfortable.
Winds in Belmopan are generally light to moderate, with no prevailing strong winds. The city’s inland location and surrounding forests do not typically lead to extreme wind conditions.
Climate Variability and Extreme Weather Events:
While Belmopan is not as prone to direct hurricane impacts as some coastal areas of Belize, it can still be affected by tropical storms or hurricanes during the Atlantic hurricane season, which runs from June 1 to November 30. Belize has well-established hurricane preparedness measures in place to mitigate the impact of these storms.
In summary, Belmopan, Belize, enjoys a tropical savanna climate with two distinct seasons: a wet season and a dry season. Summers are characterized by higher humidity levels and frequent rainfall, while winters bring lower humidity, clear skies, and more comfortable weather. Belmopan’s climate, combined with its lush natural surroundings, offers a diverse range of opportunities for exploring the country’s unique ecosystems, enjoying outdoor activities, and experiencing its vibrant culture and traditions.