Finland Society

By | May 14, 2023

Finland is a small country in northern Europe that has developed a unique culture and society. The population of Finland is 5.5 million people, with around 8% of the population being foreign-born. Finns are very proud of their culture and strive to maintain it in the face of globalization and an ever-changing world.

The Finnish society is based on the Nordic model, which emphasizes social equality and education. Education is highly valued in Finland, with a strong focus on providing quality education for all citizens regardless of income or background. This has resulted in high literacy rates as well as high levels of educational achievement among Finnish citizens.

Finnish society is based on the principle of equality, with equal rights for both genders and all ethnicities. This is reflected in its progressive laws such as same-sex marriage being legalized in 2017, gender quotas being introduced in politics, and generous parental leave policies for both men and women.

Finland also has a strong welfare state which provides free healthcare, education, childcare services, unemployment benefits, pensions and other social services to its citizens. This has helped to reduce inequality by providing safety nets for those who need them most and creating a more equitable society overall.

In terms of religion, Finland is predominantly Lutheran with around 78% adhering to this faith. The remaining 22% are mostly Christian or non-religious but there are also some smaller religious groups such as Muslims or Buddhists present in the country as well.

Overall, Finland has developed into an open and progressive society that values education, equality and social welfare while still maintaining its own unique culture and traditions.

Finland Society

Demographics of Finland

According to, Finland is a small country in northern Europe with a population of 5.5 million people. The population is quite homogenous, with around 90% of the population being ethnic Finns. The largest minority groups in Finland are Swedish, Russian and Sami.

The median age in Finland is 43 years old, with around 19% of the population under the age of 15 and 19% aged 65 or over. The population has been gradually aging due to a low birth rate and an increasing life expectancy.

Finland’s major cities are Helsinki, the capital, Tampere, Turku and Oulu, which together account for around half of the total population. The rest of the population is spread out across smaller towns and rural areas across the country.

Finland has seen an increase in immigration over recent decades due to economic opportunities and improved living standards in Finland compared to other parts of Europe or countries further abroad. Around 8% of the population are foreign-born, with most coming from other European countries such as Russia or Estonia as well as Asia or Africa.

Overall, Finland has a fairly homogenous society that is becoming increasingly diverse due to immigration from outside Europe as well as increased migration within Europe itself. This diversity is reflected in its culture and society which strives to be inclusive despite its small size and homogenous history.

Poverty in Finland

Poverty in Finland is a major issue that the government has been working to address over recent years. Around 12% of the population is living in poverty, with this figure rising to almost 20% among children. This rate is slightly higher than the average for the rest of Europe.

The main causes of poverty in Finland are unemployment and low wages, with around 8% of the population being unemployed. Low wages are also a major factor, with around 15% of employees earning less than two-thirds of the median wage.

The elderly are particularly vulnerable to poverty, with around 25% living below the poverty line. The main factors contributing to this are reduced pensions due to low incomes during their working lives and an increasing cost of living as they age.

Child poverty is also an issue in Finland, with around 18% of children under 18 living below the poverty line compared to 12% for adults. This can be attributed to either a lack of parental income or a lack of access to resources such as education or healthcare which can limit their opportunities later on in life.

In order to combat poverty in Finland, the government has implemented various policies such as increasing access to social welfare benefits and providing incentives for employers to pay higher wages. In addition, there have been several initiatives aimed at providing more support for those who need it most such as single parents and people from disadvantaged backgrounds.

Overall, while there is still work that needs to be done in terms of reducing poverty in Finland, there have been some positive steps taken over recent years which should help reduce its prevalence over time.

Labor Market in Finland

According to Countryvv, the labor market in Finland is characterized by a high level of productivity, well-developed infrastructure, and a highly educated workforce. The total labor force in the country stands at around 4.5 million people with an unemployment rate of 6.9%.

The Finnish economy is highly dependent on exports and the labor market reflects this, with around two-thirds of the workforce employed in export industries such as electronics and machinery manufacturing. Additionally, many Finns are employed in public services such as healthcare, education, and government administration.

Employment levels have been increasing steadily over recent years despite the economic downturn due to the Finnish government’s proactive approach to stimulating economic growth through investment in innovation and technology. This has led to a strong demand for high-skilled professionals which has helped reduce unemployment levels across the country.

In terms of wages, Finland has one of the highest average salaries in Europe with wages for skilled workers being particularly high compared to other countries. This is partly due to strong collective bargaining agreements between employers and unions which ensure fair wages for all employees regardless of their profession or experience level.

The Finnish labor market is also highly regulated with strict laws governing working hours, holidays, safety standards, and other aspects related to employment rights. This helps ensure that everyone is treated fairly regardless of their background or circumstances while also providing protection against exploitation by employers or colleagues.

Overall, the labor market in Finland provides a good environment for both employers and employees alike with its combination of strong productivity levels, well-developed infrastructure, highly educated workforce, and strict regulations ensuring fair treatment for everyone involved.