Moldova Geography

By | October 7, 2021

Moldova (Republic of Moldova) is located in Eastern Europe. Moldova borders Ukraine to the north, east and south and Romania to the west. The Prut River forms the Romanian-Moldavian border. The Prut flows into the Danube in the further course. Scenic Moldova is characterized by the steppe in the south and hilly plains with light oak forests and tree steppes in the north. Overall, most of the surfaces are rather flat to slightly wavy. About 80 percent of the country’s area is used as cultivated and arable land. This high proportion is mainly due to the black earth in the steppe in the southern part of the country. It is extremely fertile and ensures good harvests.

The warm, dry climate enables large-scale viticulture and is responsible for the good wines from the region. Here you can find more information about the climate in Moldova. Visit for Moldova a time travel to a different world.

The capital Chisinau is located in a wooded area on the banks of the Byk. Due to its changing history, the city has a lot to offer in terms of cultural treasures, a visit to the Museum of Art and History is a must in Chisinau.

In Tiraspol, whose name already suggests the reference to antiquity, numerous buildings testify to the eventful past. The moats and walls have been preserved from the Srednjaja fortress built in Tiraspol at the beginning of the 18th century. In Karbuna in Tighina one is even met with finds from the Copper Age.

Guests in Moldova will feel reminded of Romanian cuisine with the culinary specialties. Moldovan cuisine is closely related to that of Romanians. But Greek and Russian influences can also be found in Moldova’s cuisine, as well as elements from Turkish and classic Mediterranean cuisine.

Common native wild animals in Moldova include deer, wild boar, rabbits and foxes. Wolves, weasels, polecats, lynxes and numerous rodents can also be found here. The forest areas in the north of the country in particular are habitats for wild animals.

Moldova – key data

Area: 33,851 km² (of which land: 32,891 km², water: 960 km²)

Population: 4.3 million (July 2011 estimate, CIA). Composition: Moldavians / Romanians 78.2%, Ukrainians 8.4%, Russians 5.8%, Gagauz 4.4%,Bulgaria 1.9%, other 1.3% (2004 census)

Population density: 127 residents per km²

Population growth: -0.072% per year (2011, CIA)

Capital: Chi? In? U (593,800 residents, 2006)

Highest point: Dealul Balanesti, 430 m

Lowest point: River Dniester, 2 m

Form of government: Moldova has been a republic since 1991, the constitution dates from 1994. The Moldovan houses of Parliament(Parlamentul) is made up of 101MPs together. The regions of Transnistria and Gagauzia are autonomous within Moldova with their own legislation. Moldova has been independent from the Soviet Union since August 27, 1991.

Administrative division: 5 municipalities: B? L? I, Chi? In? U, Comrat, Tighina, Tiraspol
2 autonomous areas: Gagauzia, Transnistria
32 districts: Anenii Noi, Basarabeasca, Briceni, Cahul, Cantemir, C? L? Ra? i, C? u? eni, Cimi? lia, Criuleni, Dondu? eni, Drochia, Dub? sari, Edine ?, F? le? ti, Flore? ti, Glodeni, Hînce? ti, Ialoveni, Leova, Nisporeni, Ocni ? a, Orhei, Rezina, Rî? cani, Sîngerei, Soroca, Str ?? eni,? old? ne? ti,? tefan Vod ?, Taraclia, Telene? ti, Ungheni

Head of State: President Nicolae Timofti, since March 23, 2012

Head of Government: Prime Minister Vlad Filat, since September 25, 2009

Language: the official language in Moldova is Moldavian (the written language is practically identical to Romanian). The commercial language in the country is Russian. Other languages ​​are Ukrainian and Gagauz.

Religion: Orthodox churches 98%, Jews 1.5%, Baptists and others 0.5% (2000)

Local time: CET + 1 h. Between the last Sunday in March and the last Sunday in October, Moldova has summer time (CET + 2 hours).
The time difference to Central Europe both in winter and in summer 1 hour.

International phone code: +373


Mains voltage: 220 V, 50 Hz

The Republic of Moldova, or Moldova, is located in south-eastern Europe. The inland without access to sea is enclosed in the north, east and south by Ukraine and borders on Romania in the west. The total area of Moldova covers approximately 33,800 square kilometers and extends from north to south over 350 kilometers. The extension of the country from west to east is about 150 kilometers.

Moldova consists mainly of continental steppe. The north of the country is shaped by the Belzysteppe belonging to the Podolian Plate, whose fertile loess soil is used for intensive agriculture. In the center of the country rises a hill country covered with dense forests and up to 400 meters high. Here is the 430 meter high Balanesti Mountain, the highest point in Moldova, which is surrounded by the Codru Forest. the Extremely fertile soils result in intensive agriculture, which shrunk Moldova’s dense forests to 9.6% of the country’s area.

The hill country is cut through deep valleys strongly structured, which together with the countless lakes makes it the most beautiful landscape in the country. 57 lakes with a total area of ​​62 square kilometers can look back on a natural development, while around 3,000 were artificially created and occupy an area of ​​330 square kilometers. This landscape is particularly popular with active vacationers as it offers excellent opportunities for hiking, cycling, fishing and water sports.

Moldova runs in the form of a rhombus between the Prut River in the west, which also forms the border with Romania, and the Nistru in the east on the Ukrainian border. The Prut flows into the Danube in the southernmost tip of the country which crosses the Moldovan territory for about 500 kilometers. The country itself can be crossed by car from west to east in around two hours and from north to south in around three hours.

Moldova Geography