Population: 5 711.767 thousand people (2011)
Area: 169639.0 sq. km
The origin of the word “Wisconsin” is shrouded in mystery. This is the name of one of the major rivers of the state, but its etymology is debatable. The English probably borrowed from the French an erroneous interpretation of the word “miskashinshin”, which in the Ojibwe language means “place of the red stone.” There are versions that “wisconsin” means “large rock” or “collection of waters.” European Americans refer to Wisconsin as the Badger State.
The state is located on the shores of two Great Lakes – Superior and Michigan, and the Mississippi River is its western border. Wisconsin lies within the Great Plains, which gradually rise from Lake Superior to the south, to the uplands. The state is characterized by large tracts of mixed, ash and birch forests, as well as extensive agricultural land. The Wisconsin River Valley is the most fertile region of the state.
Wisconsin is an agricultural region. It produces a huge amount of dairy products and cheese, which is why the inhabitants of the state are jokingly nicknamed “cheese heads” around the country. Due to the significant German community, the production of sausages and beer is also developed.
The ancient, pre-European population of Wisconsin left traces in the form of mounds, which made it possible to distinguish the archaeological culture of the builders of mounds, the center of which fell precisely on the badger state. Europeans came here in 1634. Until 1763, France owned Wisconsin, which was ceded to Great Britain after the Seven Years’ War. After 1776, Wisconsin was part of the Northwest Territories, as well as Michigan, Missouri, and Indiana. Wisconsin became a separate state in 1848. Among the US states, it is listed at number 30.
Wisconsin, despite its reputation as a hinterland, boasts some of the most popular tourist sites. 5 million vacationers annually flock to the small town of Wisconsin Dells, where 2 dozen water parks have been built. Milwaukee is interesting as the beer capital of America (1.5 thousand bars), as well as a quirky art museum. On Lake Superior, off the shore of the Dor-Country, there is the Aposl archipelago, where the largest number of lighthouses is concentrated. The World Circus Museum operates in Baraboo. Recreation in the forests, on lakes and rivers is popular.
Population: 101.025 thousand people (2008)
Area: 140.7 sq. km
Time zone: UTC-6, summer UTC-5
Altitude: 177 m
On the west coast of Lake Michigan, at the confluence of the Fox River, lies the city of Green Bay. A large port operates within its boundaries. The city is known for its developed industry. On its territory there are several meat processing plants and a factory for the production of paper products. Green Bay is the seat of Brown County. In 1964 and 1999, he was awarded the “All-American City” award. One of its buildings houses the country’s national railway museum. The city is home to the Green Bay Packers football team, which has repeatedly won the National League competition. See Wisconsin counties.
Until 1860, the settlement developed slowly. But after the opening of the railway transport line, there was an economic recovery and business became more active. Commerce and the paper industry began to develop successfully. A little later, the port was opened for trade with other countries. In 1934, the city celebrated its 300th anniversary. The most famous participant in the festivities was President Franklin Roosevelt, who arrived here on an official visit.
Population: 236,901 thousand people (2011)
Area: 219.4 sq. km
City status since: 1856
Time zone: UTC-6, summer UTC-5
The capital of Wisconsin, Madison , is located in the south of the state. The city is located between two lakes – Mendota and Monona. Nearby there are two more very small lakes – Kegonsa and Wobesa. This fact was reflected in one of Madison’s nicknames – the City of Four Lakes.
Madison became the capital of Wisconsin before construction began. Federal Judge James Doty purchased land in the area in 1835 for the purpose of establishing a city and capital for the territory. The favorable location of the future settlement, which was named after the 4th US President James Madison, was decisive in determining the capital of Wisconsin. Construction on Madison began in 1836. Already in 1858, the rapidly growing settlement became a city.
Madison is renowned for the high level of education and research in biotechnology at the University of Wisconsin. The cultural life of the city is diverse: there are excellent conditions for sports, museums, festivals and concerts. The sights of Madison are considered to be the buildings of the Capitol and the Monona Terrace conference center, the botanical and zoological park, and the development of the old part of the city.
History and Climate of Racine, Wisconsin:
Indigenous Inhabitants: Before European settlement, the area that is now Racine, Wisconsin, was inhabited by indigenous peoples, including the Potawatomi and Menominee tribes. The region’s proximity to Lake Michigan made it a significant location for trade and transportation.
European Exploration and Settlement: French explorers and fur traders, including Jean Nicolet and Jacques Marquette, were among the first Europeans to explore the region in the 17th century. The area was later settled by Europeans in the early 19th century, with the establishment of a trading post by fur trader Gilbert Knapp in 1834.
Growth and Incorporation: Racine saw rapid growth in the mid-19th century, driven by its location along Lake Michigan and its natural harbor. The city was officially incorporated in 1848. Industries such as flour milling, wagon manufacturing, and shipping contributed to its economic development.
Horlick Malted Milk Company: In the late 19th century, William Horlick, a Racine native, founded the Horlick Malted Milk Company. The company’s success played a role in Racine’s economic prosperity, and Horlick’s invention became popular worldwide.
Manufacturing and Industry: Racine’s economy continued to diversify in the 20th century, with a focus on manufacturing. Companies like J.I. Case, a major agricultural and construction equipment manufacturer, established their headquarters in Racine. The city became known for producing tractors, plows, and other agricultural machinery.
Frank Lloyd Wright: Renowned architect Frank Lloyd Wright, a Wisconsin native, left a mark on Racine with the construction of the Johnson Wax Headquarters in the 1930s. The innovative and iconic architecture of the building became a symbol of modern design.
Roots in Innovation: Racine’s history reflects a tradition of innovation and entrepreneurship. The city has been home to inventors and industry leaders who have made significant contributions to various fields, contributing to its legacy as a hub of creativity and ingenuity.
Cultural and Recreational Offerings: Racine’s commitment to culture is evident in its museums, including the Racine Art Museum and the Racine Heritage Museum. The city also offers recreational opportunities, with its lakefront parks, marinas, and events like the Great Lakes Dragaway.
According to Cancermatters, Racine, Wisconsin, experiences a humid continental climate with distinct seasons.
Summer (June-August): Summers in Racine are warm, with average high temperatures ranging from the mid-70s to mid-80s Fahrenheit. The region experiences moderate humidity, and residents and visitors take advantage of the pleasant weather to enjoy outdoor activities along Lake Michigan.
Fall (September-November): Fall brings a gradual cooling of temperatures, with average highs ranging from the mid-50s to mid-60s Fahrenheit. The changing foliage in the region adds vibrant colors to the landscape, creating a picturesque backdrop for fall festivals and outdoor excursions.
Winter (December-February): Winters in Racine are cold, with average high temperatures ranging from the mid-20s to mid-30s Fahrenheit. Snowfall is common, and the city experiences a winter wonderland. Residents engage in winter sports, and the city embraces the festive atmosphere of the holiday season.
Spring (March-May): Spring sees a gradual warming of temperatures, with average highs ranging from the mid-40s to mid-60s Fahrenheit. As flowers bloom and trees regain their foliage, Racine experiences a renewal of life. Spring is an inviting time for outdoor activities, gardening, and community events.
The climate of Racine, marked by its proximity to Lake Michigan, influences local weather patterns. The lake’s moderating effect contributes to milder temperatures and can affect snowfall amounts in the winter. Residents appreciate the changing seasons, and the city’s waterfront and parks offer scenic views and recreational opportunities throughout the year.
Racine’s history reflects a blend of early European settlement, industrial innovation, cultural development, and a commitment to preserving its heritage. The city’s climate, characterized by distinct seasons, adds to the appeal of Racine as a place with a rich history, a vibrant community, and a connection to the natural beauty of the region.