Colorado is one of the most versatile U.S. states. Its nickname
"Centennial State" indicates that Colorado became its own state in
1876 and was accepted into the Union on the centenary of the United
The state is characterized in the central and western part
by the Rocky Mountains, which reach their highest peaks
here. The highest point in Colorado is Mount Elbert (4,401
m), the highest mountain in the Rockies. Large parts are covered
with eternal ice and snow and there are also numerous winter sports
resorts such as the fashionable Aspen and the Alpine-style Vail.
In the east, on the other hand, the state is shaped by the wide
plains of the USA. However, these levels are still relatively high
and are therefore referred to here as high plains. Overall,
Colorado has an average altitude of 2,073 m, the highest elevation
in any state.
Numerous neighboring countries limit the current borders of the
state. Colorado borders on the U.S. states
of Nebraska, Wyoming, Utah, New Mexico and Oklahoma as well as on
the Four Corners in Arizona.
Major rivers are the Colorado, which gave the state its name, as
well as the Rio Grande and Arkansas. Colorado is also known for its
numerous lakes (over 2,000!) Such as Grand Lake (the
largest natural lake in the state), Lake Granby, Shadow Mountain
Lake (all in the Arapaho Recreation Area ) and the Blue
- Area: 269,601 sq km
- Population: 5,029,196
- Abbreviation: CO
- Capital: Denver
- Local time: GMT -6
- Nickname: The Centennial State
Colorado geography and residents
This is very close to the Rocky Mountain
National Park, where you can also admire many water areas, but
also a typical wildlife. This park is also famous and popular for
its good hiking trails and beautiful views of the Rocky Mountains.
Colorado is politically one of the so-called Swing States,
because it has areas with republican majorities (especially Colorado
Springs, which is home to several churches and religious
institutions) as well as with democratic majorities (including the
capital Denver, which is the economic and cultural center of the
State is here). For example, Colorado's stance in presidential
election campaigns is always closely monitored.
As in many U.S. states, Americans of German descent form the
strongest group by origin. However, especially in southern Colorado,
many people are of Mexican and Latin American origin. Although
English is the official language here, the group of Spanish-speaking
residents is quite large.
The strongest religious communities are Catholics, Protestants
(both moderate and conservative churches) and Mormons. The state
motto, which is also religious, is “Nil sine numine”, which
translates as “nothing without God's will”. The largest cities are
Denver, Colorado Springs, Aurora, Fort Collins and
Lakewood. Colorado is one of the economically thriving states of the
The most important economic sectors include mining (copper,
uranium, petroleum, coal, gold and precious stones; world leader in
molybdenum mining), agriculture (corn, potatoes, wheat, cattle,
sheep and wine growing), high-tech industry, research and education
(with numerous universities such as Colorado State University,
University of Colorado and the University of Denver) and services
such as income from tourism.
The role as one of the most important educational policy centers
in the USA is also expressed in the Community series (with Chevy
Chase, Joel McHale and Gillian Jacobs, among others). The fictional
community college is also located in Colorado.