Indiana is particularly known in the United States for the
Indianapolis Motor Speedway and the Indy 500 race there
(the oldest car race in the world). This race has also made a very
popular song popular for the state, “Back Home Again in
Indiana”. The nickname of this U.S. state is " The Hoosier State "
and there are many explanations for this name.
One of the most
logical is that the builder of the Ohio Canal Samuel Hoosier used
the Indiana workers at the time and they were considered to be
particularly hardworking and eventually transferred this to the
entire Indiana population with the term Hoosiers.
Even the highest point of the rather gently hilly state refers to
the Hoosiers and is called Hoosier Hill. This is located
in the so-called Dearborn Upland (Wayne County) in the east of the
state and has a height of just 383 m.
The name of the state Indiana, on the other hand, refers to the
indigenous population of the USA, who are also known as
Indians. Geographically, Indiana borders Lake Michigan in
the northwest and the State of Michigan in the northeast. Other
neighboring countries are Illinois (west) and Ohio in the east,
Indiana and Kentucky are separated by the Ohio River in the south.
Long before the first European settlers traveled to Indiana,
various Indian tribes such as the Delaware, Miami, Wea and Shawnee
tribes lived here. The first Europeans were initially French, but
the British took over the area in 1763. The Indiana Territory was
founded in 1800 and in 1816 Indiana was admitted to the United
States as the 19th state, making it a fully fledged U.S. state.
- Area: 94,321 sq km
- Population: 6,483,802
- Abbreviation: IN
- Capital: Indianapolis
- Local time: GMT -4
- Nickname: The Hoosier State
Indiana: In the Cornbelt of the United States
Overall, Indiana is a highly agricultural one state with
a small town character. People are considered conservative and the
state is mostly safe for the Republican Party (Red State). Corn,
soybeans, tobacco and wheat are grown in agriculture. The state is
part of the United States Cornbelt and one of the centers
of the United States' fertile granary. Livestock farming brings
products such as beef and pork, as well as dairy and egg production.
In addition to the agricultural sector, there is also some
industry, especially electronics, logistics, mechanical engineering
and chemistry. Most of the residents come from Europeans, mostly
Germans, Irish, English and Poles. In addition, there are about 10%
African Americans, 6% Hispanics and smaller groups of Asians and
However, the Hispanics group in particular has seen significant
growth over the years and continues to grow. The strongest religions
are Catholics and Protestants, especially Methodists, but also
Baptists and Lutherans. Indiana is also known for its active Amish.
In addition to American English, one also hears Spanish in
Indiana and, among the Amish, also Pennsylvania Dutch, a language of
its own that is based on Southwest German dialects, but has been
expanded with American loanwords. The largest cities in Indiana
after the capital, Indianapolis, are by far following Fort Wayne,
Evansville, Hammond and Bloomington.