Oceania is the smallest continent on Earth, with an
area of 8,526,462 square kilometers. This portion
of the globe is the second least inhabited on the
planet - only Antarctica has a smaller
population. The total population of Oceania is
approximately 36.6 million residents, corresponding
to 0.5% of the world population. The demographic
density (relative population) is only 4.3 residents
per square kilometer.
The continental population
is unevenly distributed across the 14
countries. Australia, the largest continental
nation, is home to around 60% of the residents of
Oceania - the country is inhabited by 21,292,893
people, according to a count made in 2009. Papua New
Guinea (6.7 million residents) and New Zealand (4, 2
million) are the other populous nations of Oceania.
On the other hand, the other 11 continental
nations have a population contingent of less than 1
million residents. Nauru, for example, is inhabited
by only 9,771 people. Tuvalu (11,100 residents) and
Palau (20,000) are other sparsely populated
countries in Oceania.
In addition to the territorial extension, another
factor that influences this irregular distribution
of the population of Oceania is the level of
economic development. New Zealand and Australia have
a high degree of industrialization, a fact that
triggers migratory flows to these countries, thus
increasing the population.
Population of Oceania countries:
Australia: 23,630,169 residents.
Fiji: 887,027 residents.
Marshall Islands: 52,772 residents.
Solomon Islands: 572,865 residents.
Kiribati: 103,942 residents.
Nauru: 10,081 residents.
New Zealand: 4,551,349 residents.
Palau: 21,097 residents.
Papua New Guinea: 7,476,178 residents.
Samoa: 191,831 residents.
Tonga: 105,782 residents.
Tuvalu: 9,854 residents.
Vanuatu: 258,301 residents.
You can try
Abbreviation Finder to get a complete list of
initials and acronyms with Australia.
If you consider pursing a law degree and decide to
study in Australia or New Zealand, then you've come
to the right place. Here, we provide rankings for
all law schools in Oceania based on alumni reviews,
graduate employment rate, faculty and student ratio,
admissions acceptance rates, etc. In addition to the
Oceania rankings, you can also see where each school
is ranked world wide.
Among 23 top ranked law schools, 4 are found in
New Zealand, including University of Auckland,
Victoria University of Wellington, University of
Canterbury, and University of Otago. All of the
remaining 19 programs are from Australia, including
the most prestigious universities - University of
Melbourne, University of Sydney, and Australian
National University. For detailed rankings of all
law schools in Oceania, please see the following
||The University of Melbourne
||The University of Sydney
||The University of New South Wales (UNSW
||The Australian National University
||The University of Queensland
||The University of Auckland
||The University of Adelaide
||The University of Western Australia
||University of Technology Sydney
||Victoria University of Wellington
||Queensland University of Technology (QUT)
||University of Canterbury
||University of Otago
||University of Wollongong
||La Trobe University
||University of Canberra
||University of Tasmania
||Western Sydney University
Unfortunately, there are no top ranked law
universities from other 12 countries in Oceania, as
Australia's written literature is of late date.
Parts of the myths and songs of the indigenous
people - Australians - preserved in oral tradition
are now available in translation, thanks to the
workings of anthropologists and linguists. Expressed
from his context of cult, tradition and music,
however, this poetry is difficult to understand.
Content and features vary from one geographical area
to another, but a recurring element is the so-called
dream time, its heroes and rites (see Australian
The earliest written documents were added during
the colonization period that began with Arthur
Phillips's ascent in 1788 with the first load of
prisoners. They mainly consist of diaries and
travelogues that convey impressions of the captive
colonies, the new country, its residents, wildlife,
Popular folk songs and ballads from England were
patterned in New South Wales until the 1820s, when
instead typical Australian ideals began to be
asserted: pioneering spirit, camaraderie, equality
and democracy in association with some
anti-authoritarian insurgency. The first
Australian-born poet, Charles Harpur, delivered his
message in the context of traditional English
apology. Nevertheless, together with Adam Lindsey
Gordon (author of "Bush Ballads and Galloping
Rhymes", 1870), he and the lyrical landscape painter
Henry Kendall became the forerunner of later more
nationalist-oriented poets. The early prose
depictions are characterized by intriguing intrigue
and little credible portrayal. Two classics can be
mentioned: Marcus Clare's pessimistic and
melodramatic, semi-documentary novel about the cruel
existence of the prisoners, "His Natural Life"
(1870), and Rolf Boldrewood's (pseudonym for Thomas
Alexander Browne) adventure story about straw
robbers and gold diggers, "Robbery Under Arms"
(1882). Both have been translated into several
languages, dramatized and filmed.
A nationalist period began in 1880 with the
founding of the outspoken literary journal Bulletin,
whose purpose was to accentuate the typically
Australian in subject choices, attitudes and
languages and to assert democratic-nationalist
values. The Bulletin School idealized life in the
wilderness, "the Bush", and camaraderie, "mateship".
Its principal representative, Henry Lawson,
portrayed in the short stories and poems the
isolation and hardships of the desolate, magnificent
landscape, but also the community and solidarity
between its residents. Similar themes and ideals are
met by Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson, whose
"Waltzing Matilda" still serves as the unofficial
national anthem. Bulletin published in 1903 a
classic, Joseph Furphy's (pseudonym Tom Collins)
experimental and humorous novel "Such is Life".
The time before the First World War was marked by
the search for national identity of the state
federation, the Commonwealth of Australia, formed in
1901. The authors sought to formulate the
continent's traditions and characteristics and
expressed varying attitudes to Europe and the old
motherland. The first humanist and academic in
Australia's literature, Christopher Brennan, was
inspired by French poetry and followed contemporary
European development, while socialist poet Bernard
O'Dowd predicted an Australian golden age of old
world radicalism transplanted into the new.
Historical and national themes also occur in the
period's foremost novelist, Henry Handel Richardson
(pseudonym of Ethel Richardson), best known for his
trilogy about Richard Mahony, also translated into
Swedish. Among the wartime novelists deserve mention
are Katharine Susannah Prichard, Vance Palmer and
Miles Franklin, all with a genuine sense of the
country's specific environment and culture. At the
same time, internationally prominent writers such as
Christina Stead and Martin Boyd appeared. The most
significant poets of the period, intellectual and
modernist in their appearance, were Kenneth Slessor
and Robert D. FitzGerald.
The Second World War, the depression and the
urbanization brought a shift in emphasis from the
general to the individual, from "the Bush" to the
metropolitan environment, from the realistic and
material to the symbolic and religious. The
literature became more sophisticated, and in the
1940s and 1950s poetry flourished with names such as
Francis Webb, Judith Wright, Douglas Stewart, James
McAuley and Alec Derwent Hope. However, the foremost
representative of Australia's literature from the
1950s onwards is Patrick White, who in 1973 was
awarded the Nobel Prize "for an epic and
psychological storytelling art that introduced a new
continent into literature".
Other novelists who, like White, deal with moral
and metaphysical issues are Christopher Koch,
Randolph Stow and Thomas Keneally. Xavier Herbert's
career, started with "Capricornia" (1938), ended
with "Poor Fellow My Country" (1975), the longest
novel published in Australia. Also significant in
the genre are Hal Porter, David Malouf and Thea
Astley. Morris West and Nevil Shute, like Colleen
McCullogh, author of "The Birds of Thorns" (1977),
have gained a large international readership.
Particularly noted by Aboriginal authors Kath Walker
and her collection of poems "We Are Going" (1964).
She deals with the loss of cultural identity of the
indigenous people in modern society, a warning and a
call to the whites in Australia. We meet the same
trends with the novelist Colin Johnson.
Only in recent decades has Australian drama been
successfully played in Europe. Leading playwrights
include Patrick White, Ray Lawler, David Williamson
and Alan Seymour. Leading poets during the 1960s and
1970s were mainly Les A. Murray, Bruce Dawe and
Ever since Ethel Turner's classic children's book
"Seven Siblings" was published in 1894 and
translated into 17 languages, Australian books for
children and young people have asserted themselves
well internationally through, among other things.
Ivan Southall, Patricia Wrightson and Colin Thiele.