The state of Utah is located in the western United States. The
special thing about this state are the extensive desert landscapes
and the Wasatch Mountains. The state capital is Salt Lake City.
Many swimmers are attracted to the carrying water of the salt lake,
which is located in Antelope Island State Park. There are a total of
43 state parks, five national parks and seven national
monuments. Here you can go horseback riding, hiking or mountain
biking and immerse yourself in the wonderful landscape.
According to an estimate from 2017, around 3.1 million people
live in this state on an area of around 219,887 square
kilometers. The neighboring states of Utah
are Nevada, Idaho, Colorado, New Mexico, Wyoming and Arizona. The
best time to visit Utah is summer. The time in spring or autumn is
also nice when the temperatures are still pleasantly mild.
- Area: 219,887 sq km
- Population: 5,029,196
- Abbreviation: UT
- Capital: Salt Lake City
- Local time: GMT -6
- Nickname: The Beehive State
Utah stretches 435 kilometers from west to east. At 4,126 meters,
Kings Peak is the highest mountain in the country. Around 3.25
percent of the state is surrounded by water. The Great Salt Lake,
located in the north of the state, has the largest share. Salt Lake
City owes its name to this lake. The lake has an average depth of
The center of Utah is shaped by the Wasatch Range, a mountain
range in the Rocky Mountains. This mountain range has a length of
350 kilometers and extends into the southern area of Idaho. There
are many nature reserves in southern Utah. This includes the
Colorado Plateau, which is crossed by gorges and table
mountains. The well-known Arches National Park and Canyonlands
National Park are located here.
The history of Utah
In 1847, Mormon settlers first came to the Salt Lake Valley. At
that time, Utah was still Mexican territory. On February 2, 1848,
the area passed to the United States under the Treaty of Guadelupe
Hidalgo. The Mormons wanted to baptize this place in "Deseret". But
the government didn't allow that. The reason for this was the
separation between the state and the church.
On January 4, 1896, Utah became a full member of the United
States. Previous efforts have failed due to Mormon disagreements
with the government. The reason for the argument was Mormon
polygamy. It wasn't until 1890 that polygamy was abolished and the
way to the state was clear.
Between 1863 and 1872 there were several disputes with the
indigenous population. These disputes are known to many under the
name "Black Hawk War". Many Indians died in these battles. When
minerals were found by the troops, more and more non-Mormon settlers
came to Utah. They moved to the territories where the Indians had
previously lived. With the construction of a rail link, more
settlers came to Utah.
Utah has been a popular vacation destination since the 20th
century. The impressive landscape contributed to this. Zion National
Park was opened in 1919 and another national park in 1928. In 2002
the Olympic Winter Games were held in Salt Lake City.