Tag Archives: Spain

Spain History: the Roman and Pre-Roman Period

Among the Iberians, primitive residents of Spain, highly popular particularly in the rich south-west, you were soon to enter, attracted by the rich silver and copper mines and agriculture become prosperous, the most ancient navigators of the eastern Mediterranean: the Phoenicians, who they installed emporiums in Gades and Málaga, the Aegean-Cretans and, towards the sec.… Read More »

Spanish Civil War

Spanish Civil War, 1936–39 armed conflict as a result of the uprising of nationalist, authoritarian and conservative-traditionalist forces led by the Spanish military against the Second Republic. In the Spanish Civil War, the tensions between autonomist and centralist state thinking, between traditional Catholic and liberal-socialist views erupted. Added to this were the contrasts between large… Read More »

Democratic Spain (since 1976) Part V

The Allianz CiU, which he led, was able to regain the majority, but suffered significant losses. Instead of 62, it received only 50 of the 135 parliamentary seats. Nevertheless, Mas stuck to the plan to hold a referendum on the independence of the region. On November 9, 2014, in a legally non-binding, symbolic referendum, according… Read More »

Democratic Spain (since 1976) Part IV

A terrorist attack with a delivery van on the “Las Ramblas” promenade in Barcelona killed 14 people on August 17, 2017, and more than 100 injuries. On the night of August 18, 2017, a vehicle also drove into a group of people in the seaside resort of Cambrils, southwest of Barcelona. One woman was killed… Read More »

Democratic Spain (since 1976) Part III

The workers, on strike because of subsidy cuts, had occupied roads and railroad tracks. Several people were injured. On July 11, 2012, there was a »black march« on Madrid: around 200 miners from northern Spain and 25,000 sympathizers marched towards the Ministry of Industry. Severe riots resulted in 70 injuries and several arrests. Another 24-hour… Read More »

Democratic Spain (since 1976) Part II

The parliamentary elections on March 9, 2008, were won by the PSOE, led by Zapatero, with a clear majority (43.9% of the vote, seats increased from 164 to 169). The PP under the leadership of M. Rajoy Brey was also able to increase the number of its mandates (from 148 to 154). Zapatero formed a… Read More »

Democratic Spain (since 1976) Part I

After Franco’s death (November 20, 1975), Juan Carlos was proclaimed King Juan Carlos I on November 22, 1975 and enthroned on November 27, 1975. Together with the Prime Minister A. Suárez González, who he appointed in July 1976, he initiated the establishment of a parliamentary democracy (reform law of 1976). After re-admission of the parties,… Read More »

World Heritages in Spain Part IV

Sierra de Atapuerca (World Heritage) At the sites in Gran Dolina and Sima de los Huesos in the Sierra de Atapuerca, sensational traces of human life have been discovered since the 1990s, including around 800,000-year-old fossils of the genus Homo from the Paleolithic Age. They provide information about human evolution and are unique testimonies to… Read More »

World Heritages in Spain Part III

Roman fortifications of Lugo (World Heritage) Late antiquity, from the 2nd / 3rd centuries The city wall around the Galician city of Lugo, which dates back to the 19th century, is one of the few Roman fortifications that have been completely preserved. The curtain wall is about 2 km long, between 8 and 12 m… Read More »

World Heritages in Spain Part II

Teide National Park (World Heritage) The approximately 9000 hectare national park has a huge caldera 16 km in diameter. From it rises the 3718 m high volcano Teide, the highest mountain in Spain. The last eruption on the Teide massif took place in 1909. Teide National Park: facts Official title: Teide National Park (Tenerife) Natural… Read More »

World Heritages in Spain Part I

Caliphate city of Medina Azahara (World Heritage) According to pharmacylib, Medina Azahara (Madīnat az-Zahrā) is the ruins of an Umayyad palace city in southern Spain from the middle of the 10th century. She was by Caliph Abd ar-Rahman III. built as the residence of the Caliphate of Cordoba. After decades of prosperity, it was destroyed… Read More »

Rock Paintings in Eastern Spain (World Heritage)

According to payhelpcenter, the world heritage includes around 700 sites in the eastern areas of Spain. Most of them date from the early Neolithic period from 6000 BC. The rock paintings give an insight into the living environment of the prehistoric people of the Spanish Levant. Animals, people, hunting and fighting scenes, dances and rituals… Read More »

Old Town of Alcalá de Henares (World Heritage)

Alcalá de Henares is the first planned university town in the world. It was founded in the 16th century by Gonzales Jiménez de Cisneros as an “ideal city” and soon rose to become a center of European intellectual life. 12,000 students studied here in the 16th century. In 1836 the university was moved to Madrid.… Read More »

Buildings in Barcelona (World Heritage)

According to naturegnosis, the two buildings are among the most fascinating Art Nouveau buildings in Barcelona. The Palace for Catalan Music, Barcelona’s most important concert hall, was built between 1905 and 1908 by Domènech i Montaner. The clinic complex, inaugurated in 1930 and donated by the Catalan banker Pau Gil, was designed by the same… Read More »

Las Médulas with its Gold Mines (World Heritage)

The landscape is shaped by ancient mining, which Pliny already reported. Las Médulas was the most important gold mine of the Roman Empire. To get to the precious metal, the mountains were hollowed out and flooded with water. Dams, shelters and canals of over 100 km in length illustrate the masterpiece of mining technology. Las… Read More »

Silk Exchange in Valencia (World Heritage)

The 15th / 16th The silk exchange, built in the 19th century, is a reminder of the golden age of the trading city. The complex of tower, hall of the marine consulate, orange tree courtyard and columned hall is a masterpiece of secular Gothic. Silk Exchange in Valencia: Facts Official title: Silk exchange “La Lonja… Read More »

Old Town of Cuenca (World Heritage)

The main attraction of Cuenca is the old town, lying on a plateau above the Huécar and Júcar rivers, with its “hanging houses” with balconies floating above the abyss. One of the houses houses the Museum of Spanish Abstract Art, one of the largest collections of modern Spanish art. Cuenca old town: facts Official title:… Read More »

Doñana National Park (World Heritage)

The national park in the area where the Guadalquivir flows into the Atlantic is one of the largest nature reserves in Europe. It is made up of mighty dunes and flat wetlands, which are a paradise for many species of birds such as flamingos. The rich fauna in the reserve also includes the largest population… Read More »

Pilgrimage Routes to Santiago de Compostela (World Heritage)

The Camino Francés is the main Spanish part of the Camino de Santiago. It leads over 800 km from the Pyrenees to Santiago de Compostela in Galicia, the destination of thousands of pilgrims every year – for over 1000 years. Not only the place of pilgrimage itself, but the way there along churches and cathedrals,… Read More »

Santa Maria de Guadeloupe Monastery (World Heritage)

The monastery, founded in the 14th century, was the most important monastery in Spain until the secularization in 1835. The ensemble of buildings is dominated by the main Gothic church. Along with Montserrat, the monastery is the most important Marian shrine in Spain. According to historyaah, the showpiece is the artfully crafted baroque saint niche… Read More »

Mérida (World Heritage)

Mérida, capital of Extremadura, was founded in 24 BC. Founded by Emperor Augustus for war veterans. The archaeological sites with the Arch of Trajan, the theater and the amphitheater, two aqueducts, temples and villas give an insight into urban life in the Roman province of Lusitania. Mérida: facts Official title: Buildings from Roman times and… Read More »

Former Cistercian Poblet Abbey (World Heritage)

The Cistercian monastery, founded in 1151, is the largest and most magnificent royal monastery in Spain. It was built in thanks for the expulsion of the Moors. After a fire in the 19th century, it was completely restored as a museum. Poblet was the burial place of numerous kings of Catalonia-Aragon. Former Cistercian Abbey of… Read More »

Seville (World Heritage)

Seville is one of the most famous cities in Spain. Outstanding monuments of the city, which is extremely rich in monuments, are the cathedral, the Alcázar and the Archivo de Indias. The originally Moorish Alcázar was rebuilt in Mudejar style from 1364 and is considered one of the most beautiful palaces in Spain. The overseas… Read More »

Old Town of Cáceres (World Heritage)

The city in northern Extremadura is a gem of medieval architecture. It shows numerous monuments from very different epochs. Romanesque, Moorish, Gothic and Renaissance style features are harmoniously combined here, with the 30 Moorish towers protruding. Old town of Cáceres: facts Official title: Old town of Cáceres Cultural monument: Old town with the city wall… Read More »

Garajonay National Park (World Heritage)

The laurel forest on the Canary Island of Gomera is a relic of a subtropical landscape that has largely disappeared today. The heart of the national park consists of an evergreen cloud forest with ferns up to 2 m high, long beard lichens hanging from the trees and gnarled branches overgrown with moss. Numerous streams… Read More »

Old Town of Toledo (World Heritage)

Toledo is one of the oldest cities in Spain. The city center, with its numerous monuments, is an architectural masterpiece that testifies to 2000 years of history and long-term coexistence between Jews, Christians and Muslims. After the Reconquista by Alfonso VI. Toledo became the residence of the Castilian Kingdom in 1087 and was the capital… Read More »

Mudejar Architecture in Aragon (World Heritage)

The world heritage in Teruel includes the three brick towers of the churches of El Salvador, San Martín and San Pedro as well as the bell tower and the artesonado ceiling of the cathedral from the 13th century. They are outstanding examples of the Mudejar style, which combines Gothic and Islamic elements and which flourished… Read More »

Ávila (World Heritage)

Ávila is considered to be one of the most beautiful medieval cities in Spain. The outstanding building is the 2500 m long, completely preserved city wall from the 11th to 14th centuries with 88 towers and nine city gates. The Gothic cathedral was integrated into the fortification. It is one of the oldest cathedrals in… Read More »

Santiago de Compostela (World Heritage)

The entire old town is a world heritage site. The end of the Camino de Santiago with the monumental cathedral from the 11th to 13th centuries is a Romanesque masterpiece. For over a thousand years, Christians have made pilgrimages to the city to visit the tomb of the apostle James in the cathedral. After Rome… Read More »